Ingrown nails don't just happen to your toes. Your fingernails can also become ingrown. This occurs less frequently in fingers because you are not squeezing your fingers into shoes that don't fit well. Also, the shape of your fingernails makes it less likely that they will become ingrown.
However, ingrown nails can become infected. This makes everyday tasks such as typing on a keyboard or doing the dishes painful. Some of the signs of an infection are warmth, redness, inflamed toes or fingers, and puss. If you see any of the signs, please inform the client that they should see a foot or hand doctor as there may be liability issues when treating nails that are infected. This is very important as most clients might beg or be disappointed. Just remind the client that infections and signs of infections are very serious and can lead to bigger problems. While most might treat them, your salon cares about the clients' overall health. Treating ingrown nails are outside the scope of a nail technician. If the client has ingrown nails without any of the signs of infection, here are some pointers and tips to help your client.
1. Foot Soak
Soaking the affected foot may help reduce swelling and ease the pain. You can soak the client's feet in warm water and feet soak powder for up to 20 minutes to bring relief. This will also soften the nail so You can check out a list of products here
2. Remove the Dead Skin
After soaking the feet, using a sidewall cleaner, clean the ingrown side of the walls, removing any dead skin carefully. Remove any dead skin from the sides of the nail wall and under the nail, making sure not to go too deep.
3. Cut the Ingrown Nail
Using flat nail clippers or nippers, cut the corners of the ingrown nails and the parts that are ingrown. Making sure to first carefully separate the nail from the skin. Keep in mind not to cut the nail too short. One misconception is that short nails reduce ingrown nails. THIS IS FALSE Once the ingrown nails have been nipped, it is good to correct the growth cycle of the client's nails to grow correctly. The shape of the cut is so important as well. Make sure you do not cut the corners of your client's nails as the nail should be cut and filed straight across. Leave the corners alone so they grow out and away from the hyponychium. Using a fine file to gently take the sharpness off the corners so that the corners do not cut the skin, but rounding the nails.
4. Educate Educate Educate
The battle of ingrown nails are only half fought in the salon. Your clients need to know the importance of proper footwear and how to take care of their feet in between their pedicure. Poorly fitting and pointed footwear can further push the toenails into the nail groove area again. So make sure you let your clients know that proper footwear is essential. Get a commitment for the client if they continue to have ingrown nails or have history of ingrown nails to go without trimming their own nails for eight weeks and to come for pedicure treatments that will continue the reshaping and right growing of nails.
To learn more here are additional sources
Sometimes black toenails are harmless and it will eventually go away but some causes are very serious and need to be looked into further.
So what are the causes of your client's black toenails There are five major causes of black toenails, and we will look into each one.
1. Repeated Injury: When clients wear tightfitting shoes or uncomfortable footwear, the toenails are under stress. The black toenails can also cause pain and even have puss. In severe cases, the nail may detach partially or fully from the nail plate. This is very painful for your client. If the nail detaches, it may take up to 3 to 6 months for the toenail to grow back. Best bet is to ask questions and have your clients consider more fitting footwear for their overall health.
2. Toenail Fungus Infection: Toenail fungus infection can spread to your toenails and turn the color of the nail to yellow, bluish green, green, brown, purple and black. The range of color depends on the fungus type. One clear indicator is the odor from the infection. While it is up to the individual salon to refuse or accept the client, but nonetheless, the client must use her own polish or purchase the polish.
3. Burst Blood Vessel: The medical term is called Subungual Hematoma. When something heavy gets dropped onto the nail the blood vessel under the nail bed and cause the blood to pool underneath the nail bed. The pressure from the blood could cause discomfort for the client. While it is an easy procedure to remove the pressure but it may be best to request the client have the blood drained by a doctor. To read more about this, you can check out an amazing article from nailsmag.com Click the link for more details https://goo.gl/S4XAtY
4. Skin Cancer: Another reason to make sure the client is covering their body with sunscreen. Melanoma is one of the most serious form of skin cancer that grows underneath the nail bed on the nail plate. In it's earlier stages, Melanoma is very difficult to catch as it is painless and slow to spread. One clear sign is the discoloration that extends beyond the nail and onto the cuticles. If you notice discoloration and the client does not recall and trauma, especially if you have noticed for some time, it may be beneficial to speak to your client but not alarm them but to have it checked to be sure.
5. Skin Tone: When more than one nail colors are discolored, it may be a telltale sign of skin color discoloration. As the nail is translucent, it is only natural that the nail color to be discolored.
Healthy nails appear smooth and have consistent coloring. As you age, you may develop vertical ridges, or your nails may be a bit more brittle. This is harmless. Spots due to injury should grow out with the nail.
Abnormalities m- such as spots, discoloration, and nail separation m- can result from injuries to the fingers and hands, viral warts periungual warts, infections onychomycosis, and some medications, such as those used for chemotherapy.
Certain medical conditions can also change the appearance of your fingernails. However, these changes can be difficult to interpret. Your fingernails' appearance alone is not enough to diagnose a specific illness. A doctor will use this information, along with your other symptoms and a physical exam, to make a diagnosis.
You should always consult your doctor if you have any questions about changes in your nails.
When your clients come in for a pedicure, what is the first thing you notice One of the first things you should notice is whether or not the client has the proper footwear for their foot type. This may sound strange, but identifying your client's foot type and educating them will help your client's overall health and earn their trust.
Having illfitting shoes can cause a number of different health issues such as the follows:
There are four main foot types. To help identify which foot type your client has, wet the client's feet. Place a paper towel on the floor and ask them to walk over it. Compare the wet marks to the following:
1. Neutral Foot: Your heel, ball of the foot and big toe are all visible in equal measure.
2. High Arch Pes Cavus: Only a tiny part of the heel and the ball of the feet are visible. What this means is that the client's feet are very high arches and the toes do not make or makes very little contact with the floor.
3. Low Arch Flat Foot: The entire foot is on the paper towel. While it is the most common foot type it does not mean it is the best. Low Arch or flat foot means that the foot falls in on itself so there is little stability.
4. Supinated Foot: The sides of the foot creates a C shape. This means the client is placing a lot of weight on the outer border of the foot.
Here are some pointers to look out for and to advise your clients:
High Arch Pes Cavus: If your client has high arch foot but often times wearing high heels, it is very dangerous as the foot has nothing to place the weight. This goes the same with boots and shoes with no support. Best shoes for High Arch types are tennis shoes or shoes with laces.
Low Are Flat Foot: Shoes that are flat are the worst for this foot type. Make sure there are some supports or even heels are better for flat foot types.
Supinated Foot: Most shoes are not comfortable for the supinated foot type. It is good to recommend a good insole or inserts to support and balance the total weight of the body.
While we draw a bath for our clients' feet, have you ever wondered why we start with a feet soak Immersing the client's feet in a tub of warm water relax the aches and pain of sore
muscles reduce swelling and prevent bacteria from settling into blisters and cuts or under toenails.
Here are a couple different types of Foot Soaks and their many benefits.
Salt Foot Soaks
Salt has natural antiperspirant and deodorant properties that help eliminate odor. Adding salt
soak to your pedicure regime adds another layer of relaxation and relief to your clients' sore and
aching feet. Tests show that salt can help blood circulation and offer relief for some types of
Essential Oil Soaks
There are several different types of essential oil soaks as well as several benefits that correlate
to the different types of essential oils. Here are some popular choices for foot soaks
Lavender oil, as you may know, is a favorite for relaxation. It's also a natural pain
relieverm-optimal for sore muscles and joints.
Peppermint oil helps with pain and swelling and has a cooling sensation that is particularly
pleasurable on tired feet.
Jasmine oil helps soothe tired muscles and has antiseptic properties.
There are many benefits for foot soaks. Soaking the clients' feet also helps soften the feet to
make it easier to exfoliate rough, callus skin. To learn more, click on the links under our
products to read up on each product's unique benefits.